CleanerSolutions Database
Toxics Use Reduction Institute · Surface Solutions Laboratory
Toxics Use Reduction Institute

Surface Solutions Laboratory

Trial Report

Trial Number 13

(Client Number 275, Project Number 1)

Trial Purpose: To determine how well products work on hard water stains.

Date Run: 09/15/09

Experiment Procedure:
To test the descaling performance, the marble block test method was used. In this test, a marble block is submerged for period of time in a test solution. The weight is measured before and after. Marble is chemically similar to hard water stains in that they both are made up of calcium carbonate. Results can be expressed in grams lost over time. This method is widely used due to its simplicity but has some restrictions. One such limitation is how other soils typically mixed with hard water stains are not taken into consideration.

Several marble chips of similar size and shape were weighed to determine the baseline weight of each piece. The selected chips were then immersed in the two supplied products at vendor recommended dilutions and allowed to soak for18 hours. The marble chips were removed from the products and rinsed in a tap water spray at 120 F for 3 minutes to remove loose material from the chips. Then the chips were dried for 15 minutes using a Master Appliance Heat gun at 500 F. When the chips cooled to room temperature, final weights were recorded to determine weight loss, if any. Observations were made and photographs were taken after the initial immersion of the chips into solutions (5 minutes), at 60 minutes and then following the overnight immersion.

Trial Results
The two supplied products all should signs of removing the calcium from the marble block. The two comparative products had less obvious changes. The
non-acid comparative product resulted in a net weight gain over the 18 hours of soaking, although only minor in magnitude. For the supplied all
purpose cleaner at various dilutions, the most dilute solution was the only dilution that performed significantly lower than the comparative product.

Product        Marble piece Initial wt    Final wt      wt loss/gain(-) % change
PC 116         small         9.4224         8.6152        0.8072        8.57
               large        22.3224        21.2112        1.1112        4.98
PC 120 1-64    small         6.6252         6.4836        0.1416        2.14
               large        26.8356        26.6639        0.1717        0.64
PC 120 1-128   small        10.8646        10.8489        0.0157        0.14
               large        34.4596        34.2204        0.2392        0.69
PC 120 1-256   small        14.3193        14.2733        0.0460        0.32
               large        38.6275        38.5665        0.0610        0.16
3M 19          small         7.9570         7.9644       -0.0074       -0.09
               large        26.4420        26.4470       -0.0050       -0.02
Lav Safe       small        7.34520         7.2906        0.0546        0.74
               large        36.4784        36.4173        0.0611        0.17
Water          small        14.0765        14.0728        0.0037        0.03
               large        35.3339        35.3237        0.0102        0.03

Summary by Type of Cleaning Product  average wt loss
PC 116 non acid bathroom cleaner        6.77
3M 19 non acid bathroom cleaner        -0.06
PC 120 1:64                             1.39
PC 120 1:128                            0.42
PC 120 1:256                            0.24
Lav Safe                                0.46
Water                                   0.03

Success Rating
A follow up test, usually based on company input.

The two supplied products had the greater weight loss over time when compared to conventional products of the same field of cleaning products.