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Trial Number 1

Trial Purpose:

To evaluate the efficacy of QAC cleaners with inactivating MS2 on a hard surface without agitation.

Experiment Procedure:

Pour Plate Method - MS2 Bacteriophage

Six hours prior to the run, E.coli 15597 was subcultured into three milliliters of tryptic soy broth (TSB) screw-cap tubes and incubated at 37°C (98.6°F). 27 screw-cap tubes filled with 10ml of 0.5X tryptic soy agar (TSA) were autoclaved. The biosafety cabinet (BSC) was sprayed with 70% v/v isopropyl alcohol using a paper towel before spraying any items going into the BSC. Once autoclaving was complete, the TSA tubes were placed into a 45°C (113°F) D.I. water bath inside the biosafety cabinet (BSC). The four glass Petri dishes were marked using a black sharpie to designate the positive (P+), negative (N-), Test 1 (T1), and Test 2 (T2). Ten microliters of the organism were pipetted onto the P+, T1, and T2 stainless steel coupons and air-dried for 15 minutes. A motorized pipette with 10ml tips was used to pipet 15 ml of Dey-Engley (D/E) neutralizing broth into four separate 50ml conical tubes labeled P+, N-, T1, and T2. Once the MS2 bacteriophage dried on the coupons, the P+ coupon was placed into the conical tube. The N-, T1, and T2 were pipetted with 1000μl of the cleaning solution onto each coupon for 30 seconds before immediately placing them in the conical tube with an autoclaved forceps. The conical tubes were then placed on the shaker for 10 minutes. During this time, using the 1000ml pipette, 900ml of 1x phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was pipetted into nine autoclaved dilution tubes, and serial dilutions were made for P+, T1, and T2 up to 10-4 using 100μl of the shaken D/E broth. Once the six-hour sub-time was complete, the E. coli 15597 subculture was removed from the incubator for use. For each variable (N-, P+, T1, and T2), 100μl of the stock and serial dilutions of MS2 bacteriophage, and 100μl of the E.coli 15597 subculture were combined into an empty dilution tube. A screwcap tube of 0.5X TSA was removed from the water bath, wiped with a paper towel to remove moisture, and poured into the dilution tube. The mixture was immediately poured into a sterile polystyrene petri dish; swirled to cover the entire plate surface, and then air-dried before covering. Dried Petri dishes were placed into a clean labeled zip lock bag that was partially closed and incubated at 37°C overnight. Plates were counted the following day based on the clear lysis zones in the bacterial lawn of growth (1 plate forming unit) to calculate log reduction and percent removal.  

Trial Results:

Product Log Reduction Percent Reduction
Family Guard 4.4633 99.9689
Spic and Span .2834 42.6103
3M TB Quat 3.5021 99.4729

Success Rating:

Results successful using TACT (time, agitation, concentration, and temperature, as well as rinsing and drying) and/or other cleaning chemistries examined.


Family Guard had the highest percent reduction at 99.9689, meeting 99.9% reduction claims on the label. 4M TB Quat had a 99.4729% reduction. Spic and Span preformed poorly, only reducing 42.6103%. 

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